Drug Enforcement Commission
The Drug Enforcement Commission is a statutory body which was constituted through an Act of Parliament to deal with issues of illicit drugs and money laundering crimes in Zambia. The overall mandate of the Commission is to prevent and control illegal cultivation, production, trafficking, abuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as well as to prohibit and prevent money laundering activities. This mandate is drawn from the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act – Cap 96 of the laws of Zambia and the Prohibition and Prevention of Money Laundering Act no. 14 of 2001 as amended by Act 44 of 2010.
Functions of the Drug Enforcement Commission
The functions of the Drug Enforcement Commission are outlined in Section 5 of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, Cap 96 of the Laws of Zambia as follows:-
(a) To collect, collate and disseminate information on narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;
(b) To receive and investigate any complaint of the alleged or suspected breach of the Act and subject to the directives of the Director of Public Prosecutions, prosecute for offences under the Act;
(c) To address and advise Government Ministries and Departments, public bodies, companies, institutions, statutory bodies and corporations on ways and means of preventing prohibited activities relating to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and suggest measures, procedures or methods of work compatible with the proper performance of their duties;
(d) To disseminate information intended to educate the public on evils and dangerous effects of abusing drugs or psychotropic substances and the effects of dealing in property acquired from drug trafficking; and
(e) To enlist and foster public support against the abuse of drugs or psychotropic substances and in this connection, liaise with similar authorities outside Zambia.
The Drug Enforcement Commission has additional functions through the Anti-Money Laundering Investigations Unit (AMLIU). Under the Prohibition and Prevention of Money Laundering Act 14 of 2001 Section 6, as amended by Act 44 of 2010, the Commission is mandated to perform the following functions:-
(a) To investigate financial and other business transactions suspected to be part of money
(b) To conduct investigations and prosecutions of money laundering offences;
(c) To liaise with other law enforcement agencies in the conduct of investigations and prosecution of money laundering offences and;
(d) To cooperate with other law enforcement agencies and institutions in other jurisdictions responsible for investigations and prosecution of money laundering offences.